Mount Arrowsmith, BC

The Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve is located on the east coast of Vancouver Island, in British Columbia. Mount Arrowsmith, and the adjacent peaks of Mounts Cokely and Moriarty, is among the tallest peaks on Vancouver Island. The Clayoquot Sound Biosphere Reserve is located nearby, on the other side of the island. Waters draining off their slopes flow east to the Strait of Georgia, the body of water which separates Vancouver Island from the mainland. Habitats and ecosystems range from alpine to arid, offshore islands, old-growth forests, steep mountain slopes, lakes, flood-plains, gorges, and estuaries. Because of the maritime climate, winters are typically mild and wet, while summers are warm and dry.

Approximately 38,000 residents are permanently based in the area, and the population can reach an estimated 43,000 people depending on the season. Coastal Salish First Nations live within the reserve. Tourism and service industries in addition to fishing and forestry provide the main source of income.

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